Ante and Post Natal (Pregnancy) Care In Ayurveda
Pregnancy care and post natal care is of great importance for the women. Pregnancy is challenging for women as her body goes through various physical, spiritual,mental and emotional changes during the pregnancy. Ayurveda explains about the importance of diet, physical and mental situation of the mother before, during and after the pregnancy. According to Ayurveda pregnancy is like germination and sprouting of a seed. Mother's uterus (Garbhshaya
) as soil to grow this seed. When the male and female seeds(Beejam
) unite and the soul(Atma
) enters the union, an embryo (garbha
) is created.
Garbhini Vyakarana (Embryonic development & Care)
The Charaka and Sushruta Samhitas provide detailed guidelines regarding diet( Ahara), behavior (Achara), activities (Vihara) and mental activity (Vichar) under the subject of “Garbhini Vyakarana”. The physician(Vaidya) role is also important in the management of pregnancy. Ayurveda physician advises about care and attention in the management of a pregnancy. The goal is the protection and nourishment of the growing fetus as well as the mother.
General Rules Garbhini pricharya)to follow from Inception of Pregnancy to Delivery
The pregnant women should :
Always try to be happy
Be clean and simple dressed
Engage in peaceful and soulful activities
Sleep under a roof in a clean protective environment
Avoid long walks and harsh activities
Not to indulge in anger or any other agitating emotions
Refrain from the use of cosmetics
The food she eats should be delicious to her. Much of the diet should be in a liquid or semi-liquid form, moist, nourishing, enriched with all the six rasas (tastes) and supplemented with agni promoting(Deepana) herbs and spices that will increase appetite and digestive power.
Things to avoid:
Excessive sex in early and late pregnancy
Speaking in a loud voice
Sleeping during the day time and staying up late at night
Squatting for a long time or sitting in an uncomfortable position or on a hard surface
Words or sights that give feelings of sorrow, anger, fear or pain
Traveling in a vehicle on rough roads
Lifting heavy objects or remaining in a bending position for a long time
Beholding natural urges
Dry, stale, fermented, heavy, hot or strong food, alcohol and meat
Visiting abandoned and remote places
Balancing Apana Vata:
Most ayurvedic recommendations will be to balance apana vata . Apana Vata must be balanced during pregnancy. It is the downward moving flow of energy in the body and must be well balanced in pregnancy. An emotional disturbance that can be caused by excess vata is anxiety. Foods, oil massage and appropriate rest are advised in order to restore apana vata balance.
Month by Month Regimens as advised in Classical Texts:
Month 1:Take wholesome food morning and evening. Drink milk regularly.
Month 2: Take boiled milk with sweet taste herbs(vidari, shtavari, yashtimadhu)
Month 3: Take milk mixed with honey and ghee. Also add sastika rice with milk in pregnancy.Ayurveda recommends that the mother´s cravings be fulfilled as far as possible.
Month 4: Take milk along with butter. Take sastika rice with curd Also, take milk and butter and soup
made with wild animal meat (non-veg)
Month 5: Take ghee.Take sastika(Navara) rice with milk. Also, take food with milk and clarified butter.
Month 6: Take ghee boiled with sweet herbs.Take sastika rice with ghee. Also, take gruel with clarified butter.
Month 7: Follow the directions for month 6. If itching develops in the chest due to pressure of the foetus, use kneading and friction massage on the area. Food should be sweet in taste and alleviate vata. Eat small amounts and
don't add extra fat or salt. Water can be taken in small amounts after eating.
Month 8: Take milk and gruel added with ghee. An enema should be given for restoring the nervous system and cleansing the bowels - that should be followed by an enema made of oil prepared with milk and herbs.
Month 9: Cotton swabs soaked in this oil should be kept in the vagina for oleating the uterus and genital tract. Itwill support softening of the placenta, pelvis, waist, sides of the chest and back; downward movement of vata; normalisation of urine and stool; softening of skin and nails; promotion of strength and complexion; and delivery with ease.Grasses and honey are offered to the cows; barley, fruits, and flowers to the Brahmins. The Brahmins then recite prayers and mantras as the woman enters the delivery area and awaits her delivery.
Herbs for pregnancy:
Avoid Panchkarma :
Panchakarma (detoxifying procedures) should not be advocated, except basti (enema) in the eighth and ninth months of pregnancy.
Herbal Ghee taken in South India during pregnancy:
In southern India it is commonly prescribed the woman to take one tablespoon of herbal ghee daily during the 2 and 3th trimesters. During the 4th and 5th months ; Kalyanakam Ghrutum is advised to develop the mental faculties and bodily systems. It also prevents anemia and also congenital abnormalities. During the last months, Thanka Shree Ghrutum is taken to ensure complete development of child, a full term normal delivery and good fortune for the child.
Post natal (Pregnancy care) in ayurveda:
After delivery the mother and baby should get proper care. Postnatal massages with medicated oils, herbal drinks, medicines for proper lactation and get back the physical fitness women had .In ayurveda this period is called the Sutika period. There are different opinions about the duration of this period, which ranges from six weeks to six months and some believe that it lasts until the restoration of the menstrual cycle.
A special diet plan during this period is recommended to make good dhatus and blood lost during the pregnancy and delivery. The prasuta should consume light yet nourishing food during the sutika kaal. (post natal period). Vata balancing diet should be followed with post natal massages.
Post natal ayurvedic massages:
Postnatal ayurvedic massages helps the mother to get back her physical strength and vitality after the pregnancy and delivery.
The women who gets post pregnancy massages are less viable to have vata aggravation at later stages of life.
Benefits of postnatal ayurvedic massages:
1)Nourishes her dhatus
3)Provide emotional support
4) Provide physical strength
5) Provide tissue healing
6) Rejuvenate body and mind
Post natal ayurvedic herbal combinations:
Post natal care is very important for mother as
- Asokarishtam or Lohasavam
- Dhanwantharam tablet
- Sathavari kalpam
- Dasamoola harithaki
- Soubhagyasundi or Vidaryadi lehyam
At Ojus health ayurvedic clinic in Melbourne Australia we provide ante and post natal care advice, diet advice, postnatal massages to help mother's to enjoy their pregnancy and motherhood.
Book in your sessions and discuss the pregnancy care plan Today at Ojus health ayurvedic clinic.